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id="vsb_content"><p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent:28.1pt;"> <span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>2011</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>8</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>月,张先生因孩子上学需要办理户籍证明。当地户政管理部门要求通过亲权鉴定明确亲生关系。张先生领着儿子到当地一家鉴定机构进行鉴定,排除了父子亲生关系。为了弄清真相,张先生携带儿子来到本中心重新进行鉴定?/strong></span><span></span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent:28.1pt;"> <span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>本中心鉴定人员了解相关情况后,查阅了当地鉴定机构为张先生父子做的鉴定报告。该机构在检?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>15</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座位点后,发现有</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>2</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个基因座不符合遗传规律,在未增加检测基因座的情况下便否定了父子关系。中心鉴定人员认为该鉴定报告不符合鉴定标准,可能存在问题?/strong></span><span></span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent:28.1pt;"> <span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>经介绍,张先生为家中独子,与其妻</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>6</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>年前在外地打工期间相识。两人同居不久其妻便怀孕,后来回老家结婚生完孩子后又出门打工。目前,张某已与其孩子生母离异,现已失去联系?/strong></span><span></span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent:28.1pt;"> <span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>根据以上案情,本中心采集了被鉴定人张先生与其孩子的血样,严格按照鉴定标准的要求进行了检验与分析,除重新检测了以上</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>15</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个常染色?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座外,并增加检测了另外</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>29</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个常染色?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座和</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>16</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>Y</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>染色?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座?/strong></span><span></span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent:28.1pt;"> <span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>结果表明,重新检测的</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>15</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座分型结果与当地鉴定机构检测结果一致,张先生与儿子之间有两个基因座不符合遗传规律。增加检测的另外</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>29</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个基因座均符合遗传规律。然而,根据</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>DNA</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>亲权鉴定相关标准,父子之间至少有</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>3</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个以上基因座</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因型不符合人类遗传规律方可排除父权,两个不符合遗传规律的基因座应考虑为基因突变,不能排除张先生与儿子有亲生关系。另外,张先生与儿子?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>16</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>Y-STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座单倍型完全一致?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>Y-filer</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>系统为父系遗传标记,同一父系所有男性个体的</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>Y-STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>单倍型相同,说明张先生与儿子属于同一父系?/strong></span><span></span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent:28.1pt;"> <span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>根据</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>DNA</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>亲权鉴定标准要求计算,本次检测的</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>44</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个常染色?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座在汉族群体的累积非父排除率大于</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>0.9999999</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>,张先生为其儿子生父的累积亲权指?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>(</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>似然?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>)</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>3.0204</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>×</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>108</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>,达?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>DNA</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>亲权鉴定相关标准。因此,本中心根据检测分析结果做出了支持张先生与其儿子是亲生父子关系的结论?/strong></span><span></span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent:28.1pt;"> <span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>点评:根据亲权鉴定标准,经过累积非父排除率大?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>99.99%</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>的基因座检测后,发?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>3</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个以上基因座不符合遗传规律,可排除亲权关系;发现</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>1-2</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个基因座不符合相应的遗传规律,应考虑存在突变,增加其他的高度多态性且遗传稳定?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座;若被检孩子为男孩,应尽可能增加</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>Y-STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>的检验;突变基因座应写入报告,并按突变基因座</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>PI</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>值计算方法计?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>PI</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>CPI</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>值,?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>CPI</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>值≥</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>10000</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>,可认定亲权关系存在。当地鉴定机构仅在检?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>15</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>STR</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>基因座发?/strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>2</strong></span><span style="font-size:18px;line-height:2;"><strong>个矛盾基因座情况下排除了父权关系,属于错误鉴定。该案提醒亲权鉴定一定要到具有较强鉴定能力的正规司法鉴定机构,以保证鉴定结果的准确性和科学性?/strong></span><span></span> </p></p> </div></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="Footbg"> <div class="wrapper"> <div class="FootNav"> <dl class="FootListOne Colorfff"> <dt>政策法规</dt> <dd> <a href="/html/info1027..10341117.html" target="_blank">司法鉴定教育培训规则</a></dd> <dd> <a href="/html/info1027..10341115.html" target="_blank">司法鉴定执业分类规定</a></dd> <dd> <a href="/html/info1027..10341114.html" target="_blank">司法鉴定执业活动投诉处理办法</a></dd> <dd> <a href="/html/info1027..10341110.html" target="_blank">司法鉴定职业道德基本规范</a></dd> <dd> <a href="/html/info1027..10341107.html" target="_blank">司法鉴定机构登记管理办法</a></dd> <dd> <a href="/html/info1027..10341103.html" target="_blank">司法鉴定人登记管理办?/a></dd> <dd> <a href="/html/info1027..10341099.html" 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